The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a historic agreement to combat climate change and limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels, with a goal of limiting the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement was reached by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and was signed by 196 parties. However, the implementation of the agreement requires the involvement of non-party stakeholders, such as businesses, civil society organizations, and subnational governments.
Non-party stakeholders play a crucial role in implementing the Paris Agreement because they can provide innovative and dynamic solutions to reduce emissions, promote sustainable development, and build resilience to climate change impacts. These stakeholders can also help raise public awareness and mobilize resources to support climate action. In this article, we will discuss the role of non-party stakeholders in implementing the Paris Agreement and some examples of their contributions.
Businesses are one of the key non-party stakeholders in implementing the Paris Agreement. They are significant emitters of greenhouse gases, but they also have the potential to develop innovative solutions to reduce emissions and promote sustainable development. Many businesses have already committed to reducing their carbon footprint and have set ambitious targets to reduce their emissions. For example, more than 1700 companies have pledged to reduce their emissions through the Science-Based Targets initiative. These targets are aligned with the Paris Agreement`s goal of limiting temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius.
Civil society organizations are another essential non-party stakeholder in implementing the Paris Agreement. These organizations play a crucial role in raising public awareness and advocating for climate action. They can also provide feedback on the effectiveness of climate policies and help hold governments and businesses accountable for their commitments. For example, Climate Action Network International is a coalition of over 1400 NGOs that works to promote climate action and hold governments accountable for their commitments under the Paris Agreement.
Subnational governments, such as cities and states, are also critical non-party stakeholders in implementing the Paris Agreement. They have significant control over local emissions sources and can adopt ambitious climate policies to reduce emissions and promote sustainable development. Many subnational governments have already taken action to reduce emissions and have set targets to become carbon neutral or renewable energy-powered. For example, California has set a goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2045, while New York City aims to reduce its emissions by 40% by 2030.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement`s implementation requires the involvement of non-party stakeholders, such as businesses, civil society organizations, and subnational governments. These stakeholders can provide innovative and dynamic solutions to reduce emissions, promote sustainable development, and build resilience to climate change impacts. Their contributions are essential to achieving the Paris Agreement`s goal of limiting global temperature rise and creating a more sustainable future. As the world faces the challenges posed by climate change, it is more crucial than ever to engage with non-party stakeholders to implement the Paris Agreement successfully.